Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder In Adults

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in adults makes it difficult for the sufferer on several levels:

  • Achieving academic goals
  • Successfully pass screening and evaluation tests for a new job
  • Difficulties in couple communication and in front of those in authority
  • Difficulties in communication and maintaining social ties

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in adults is very common and accounts for about 4% of the total adult population (over the age of 18).

Most adults who feel or attest to themselves as suffering from ADHD have discovered signs as early as childhood and the difficulties are no stranger to them. In adults, ADHD does not go away but the hyperactivity disorder can subside.

According to studies, adults with ADHD tend to show signs of vulnerability of a psychiatric / emotional nature such as anxiety, depression, antisocial personality disorder, or finding dangerous solutions in drug, alcohol and sugar addiction.

Common symptoms

  • Low concentration – adults attest to themselves, who can not concentrate for a long time on reading, in-depth conversation, in lecture.
  • Disorder – Adults who suffer from ADHD tend to work in a messy work environment, a paper-laden desk, on the computer screen multiple documents, without filing and order.
  • High distraction – a condition in which everything distracts the adult (suffering from ADHD). Noises in a work environment, traffic in its environment.
  • Impulsive reactions – the need to respond quickly, without initial filtering. Impulsivity can be characterized by verbal reactions or escaping from a place where they have created stressful and unpleasant conditions.
  • Procrastination – a tendency to postpone everything to a later date, so as not to face the task. Procrastination can cause that person to get entangled with the law, when he has not met bill payments, bank liabilities, payment of fines, etc.
  • Lack of interpersonal communication – ADHD in adults can create social / marital difficulties. Procrastination will be translated by society or spouse as lack of seriousness, laziness, unreliability and thus the person suffering from ADHD finds himself socially detached.
  • Hyperactivity – Some adults who experience ADHD should be in almost constant motion. This movement can be characterized by physical form (movement in the room, in front of the TV) or reactive movement, which is characterized by impatience, short and nervous speech.

Diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults (ADD / ADHD):

Diagnosis of MATL for PsychometryMAT is a computerized system of tests, for candidates for higher education.
Diagnosis TL is designed to diagnose learning disabilities such as dyslexia, dyscalculia and dysgraphia and ADHD.
The purpose of the evaluation is to determine eligibility conditions are adjusted from the academic and psychometric test and recommendations for assistance studies.
Diagnosis TL recognized by all institutions of higher education and examination The psychometric.
Methal was developed by the National Center for Examinations and Assessment.

Who is the diagnosis for?

  • The diagnosis is intended for adults who are interested in studying at one of the institutions of higher education
  • Age 16 to 35
  • Hebrew speakers (not suitable for new immigrants)
  • Adults previously diagnosed with learning disabilities or ADHD
  • Have significant difficulties in one or more of the following areas: reading, writing, other language functions, arithmetic operations, attention and concentration functions

Attention and concentration diagnoses adapted for children and adults:
There are two types of computerized diagnoses accepted by the Ministry of Education:

  • Good test (TOVA)
  • BRC test

What is a good TOVA test for attention and concentration testing?

TOVA testing is a computerized test that tests for prolonged attentional functions. The test makes an assessment of the subject’s attentional functions in relation to an accepted norm in his age group.

Purpose of Diagnosing Attention and Concentration – Good Test (TOVA):

The purpose of the test is to serve as an aid to the diagnosing physician in choosing the drug treatment. After the various diagnostic procedures have been completed, the material is collected by the doctor and the diagnosis of attention deficit disorder is determined, and treatment measures should be considered.

Didactic diagnosis

A diagnosis that examines a person’s learning and learning skills in the areas of language, memory, reading, writing and arithmetic. The diagnosis is made by a didactic assessor – an educator who specializes in learning disabilities. The diagnosis offers recommendations in the field of learning and remedial teaching. Didactic diagnostic recommendations are valid for six years only. The diagnosis is passed on to the various educational institutions and provides recommendations for matriculation needs. The diagnosis is made within the framework of private medicine (Nitzan Association) / HMOs. Prior to academic studies, it is recommended to undergo a Matal diagnosis.

Psycho-didactic diagnosis

This diagnosis comes to complete the didactic diagnosis and is therefore performed after it. The psychological diagnosis gives weight to the psychological / emotional aspect in addition to the didactic abilities. This diagnosis is made by an educational psychologist or clinical psychologist. The results of the diagnosis are measured as a combination of the two didactic and psychological diagnoses, with its results and recommendations being transferred to educational institutions for the purposes of facilitation and complementary educational treatment in the various schools.

Neuropsychological diagnosis

A special diagnosis is made using a series of computerized structured tests-questionnaires. The diagnosis is made by a neuropsychologist, who offers psychological and behavioral interventions. The diagnosis provides tools for identifying nonverbal learning disabilities.

Comprehensive psychiatric diagnosis

This diagnosis is not common but, there is a suspicion of the existence of a personality disorder or mental illness. This diagnosis includes a series of psychological tests and report questionnaires, designed to rule out or confirm the existence of a severe mental disorder The diagnosis is made by a psychiatrist.

Home treatment for the relief of ADD / ADHD disorders

  • Adherence to sleep hours and sleep quality
  • Aerobic sports activities that include coordination, balance and rounds such as dancing, martial arts, athletics, and more…
  • Eating neat and nutritious and varied that includes proteins, complex carbohydrates, fruits and vegetables
  • Meditation, guided imagery or any soothing activity


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder can be treated by natural means and without medication, but due to the fact that many of us choose to use different medications to treat ADHD we have chosen to bring you information about the common medications currently available in various pharmacies. It is important to emphasize that there is no or no recommendation in this information for taking ADHD medications. We at the Ora Golan Center believe that there are alternative therapeutic solutions that can help solve the problem.
Medications given as a therapeutic solution in ADHD are:

  • Ritalin –
  • Adderall
  • Strattera Strattera


The substance from which Ritalin is composed is methylphenidate, a stimulant. But instead of stimulating, it causes sharper concentration and attention in people with ADHD, Ritalin was discovered about 50 years ago. The drug was used to treat depression. After it became clear that it moderated symptoms of attention deficit disorders and increased the ability to concentrate, it was decided to give it to people and children who were diagnosed and found eligible for admission.

How does Ritalin affect the body in ADHD?

The substance methylphenidate that makes up Ritalin affects the central nervous system. Its action is similar to caffeine, but more potent, similar to that of stimulant drugs such as amphetamines. In a study conducted in the USA, it is estimated that Ritalin increases the release of dopamine and thus improves the ability to concentrate and focus.

Information on side effects sometimes caused by taking Ritalin:

Ritalin use is often associated with side effects:

  • Decreased appetite, headaches, difficulty falling asleep, abdominal pain, tics and drowsiness. However, the effect of the drug completely passes with its discontinuation, hence its great advantage
  • Loss of appetite or increased appetite (when the drug stops working)
  • Depression that appears at the end of the effect of the active substance, and which can last for several hours
  • Restlessness and nervousness. It can sometimes be resolved by changing the time you take the medicine
  • A large amount of Ritalin can cause anxiety
  • Those suffering from high blood pressure or diabetes must consult a doctor before taking the pill


Adrel is a drug for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD / ADHD) from the amphetamine family. This is a family close to Ritalin but different from it. Adrel has been in use for over 30 years, is used by millions of people and has gained a great deal of experience in its treatment.
The drug is registered and used in the US, Canada, and other countries.

How does adrenal affect the body in ADHD?

Adrel provides a long-term effect on ADHD, some of the active ingredients in which it acts after two hours and some after four hours. Thus a long-term effect is obtained from taking only one pill. The side effects are also minimized, as the dose is low. Adrel runs for 5-6 hours compared to 4 hours of Ritalin.

Information on side effects sometimes caused by taking adrel: The
side effects of taking adrel are similar to those of the drug Ritalin but less common. Some users report side effects:

  • Abdominal pain, loss of appetite
  • Headaches, irritability
  • Sleep Disorders
  • Mood swings, dizziness, dry mouth, palpitations
  • Adults – Adrel is dangerous for people with heart disorders, thyroid problems and the use of antidepressants


Strattera is a relatively new drug for the treatment of ADHD. Strattera is the first drug to treat ADHD that does not belong to the stimulant family (Ritalin, Adrel). The drug is registered and used in the US, Canada, Germany, England and many other countries.

How does the Strattera drug affect the body in severe and concentration disorders (ADD / ADHD)?

Strattera begins its effect after a week of daily treatment. The full effect is revealed after a month. After about a month of use, the drug acts for most of the day, unlike Ritalin whose range of action is limited. Strattera does not impair sleep, which significantly facilitates daily functioning under its influence. One of the important benefits of this drug is that it does not suppress appetite and even reduces anxiety.

Information on side effects that are sometimes caused by taking Strattera:

As with any medicine, Strattera may have side effects. The most common symptoms are

  • Nausea and fatigue – To overcome them it is recommended to take the pill in the morning, you can take the medicine after eating.
  • If it causes excessive fatigue, it is recommended to take it before bed in the evening.
  • To reduce the side effects taking the drug gradually and accompanied by a doctor.
  • Adults: Sleep disorders and erectile dysfunction
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