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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD / ADHD) in children

It is difficult to describe in words what we are going through – the parents, when we encounter ADHD in one of our children. The helplessness, the lack of knowledge, the difficult confrontation with the education system, the teacher, the school principal. Then – quickly, without any prior knowledge, we must decide on the care to be given to our child.

What treatment was chosen to give him? What are the consequences of the treatment? What is the effect on his health? And what about the quality of life of our child?

Important information for every parent regarding Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD / ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (also known as ADHD) affects 10% of children and occurs in childhood, usually at ages 3 to 7. In most cases it lasts into adolescence and adulthood. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a developmental disorder that leads to symptoms such as academic failure, inability to concentrate, inability to be consistent, different social behavior (sometimes abnormal to very abnormal behavior), impulsivity, problematic long-term memory, information overload and information noise and more.

Common symptoms

  • Inability to focus on details, or making mistakes out of inattention, this fact is evident in studies
  • Inability to concentrate, jumping from topic to topic
  • Failure to understand instructions in their entirety, in most cases will carry out part of the instruction
  • Perpetual restlessness
  • Hypersensitivity, vulnerability
  • Lack of organization of activities and tasks
  • Immediate closure and detachment from the surroundings
  • Awareness of “self” and inability to see the environment
  • We often avoid chores that require mental / mental effort like doing homework
  • Decline in the fields of study. Inability to deal with accomplishments that requires focus

Common signs of hyperactivity / hyperactivity disorder as part of ADHD:

  • Restlessness manifested by hand and foot movement and movement in a chair
  • Inability to stay in one place – children who often walk in class, go to the bathroom
  • Overactivity at any given moment
  • Noise and overuse of shouting instead of speech
  • Inability to concentrate on jumping from topic to topic
  • Difficulty in rejecting gratifications, need here and now
  • Repeated interruptions in the activities of others, such as in conversations or games
  • Moods change rapidly from one state to the other
  • Eating binge, frantic and disordered eating

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder “negative motor” that causes the boy / girl to exaggerate the behavioral and developmental fabric. In fact society, home, school, friends and societies reflect a lack of understanding and acceptance of the various behaviors of children with attention deficit disorders and thus lead to aggravation of the situation. The boy or girl experiences a different childhood from any other boy and faces unbearably difficult challenges at their age. Desire to please parents, lack of self-esteem, social rejection, repeated dealing with failure and more.

Types of diagnoses

If you find that your child is experiencing persistent difficulties at school that impair his or her proper functioning, you may need to find alternative treatment or a diagnosis of ADHD to help your child. Attached at the bottom of the page is information about the existing diagnoses for various needs.

There are two types of computerized diagnoses accepted by the Ministry of Education

  • Good test (TOVA)
  • BRC test

What is a good TOVA test for attention and concentration testing?

TOVA testing is a computerized test that tests for prolonged attentional functions. The test is an assessment of the subject’s attentional functions in relation to an accepted norm in the age group.

Purpose of Diagnosing Attention and Concentration – Good Test (TOVA)

The purpose of the test is to serve as an aid to the diagnosing physician in choosing the drug treatment.

After the various diagnostic procedures have been completed, the material is collected by the doctor and the diagnosis of attention deficit disorder is determined, and treatment measures should be considered.

Didactic diagnosis:

A diagnosis that examines your child’s learning skills and learning skills in the areas of language, memory, reading, writing and arithmetic. The diagnosis is made by a didactic assessor – an educator who specializes in learning disabilities. The diagnosis offers recommendations in the field of learning and remedial teaching. Didactic diagnostic recommendations are valid for six years only. The diagnosis is passed on to the various educational institutions and provides recommendations for matriculation needs. The diagnosis is made within the framework of private medicine – Nitzan Association / HMOs.

Psycho-didactic diagnosis:

This diagnosis comes to complete the didactic diagnosis and is therefore performed after it. The psychological diagnosis gives weight to the psychological / emotional aspect in addition to the didactic abilities. This diagnosis is made by an educational psychologist or clinical psychologist. The results of the diagnosis are measured as a combination of the two didactic and psychological diagnoses, with its results and recommendations being transferred to educational institutions for the purposes of facilitation and complementary educational treatment in the various schools.

Neuropsychological diagnosis:

A special diagnosis is made using a series of computerized structured tests-questionnaires. The diagnosis is made by a neuropsychologist, who offers psychological and behavioral interventions. The diagnosis provides tools for identifying nonverbal learning disabilities.

Comprehensive psychiatric diagnosis:

This diagnosis is not common but, there is a suspicion of the existence of a personality disorder or mental illness. This diagnosis includes a series of psychological tests and report questionnaires, designed to rule out or confirm the existence of a severe mental disorder The diagnosis is made by a psychiatrist.

Medication

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder can be treated with natural remedies without medication, but due to the fact that many children and adults choose to take various medications to treat ADHD we have chosen to bring you information about the common medications currently available in various pharmacies. It is important to emphasize in this information there is no recommendation or non-recommendation in taking medications for ADHD. We at the Ora Golan Center believe that there are alternative therapeutic solutions that can help solve the problem.

Medications given as a therapeutic solution in ADHD are:

  • Ritalin –
  • Adderall
  • Strattera Strattera

Ritalin

The substance from which Ritalin is composed is methylphenidate, a stimulant. But instead of stimulating, it causes sharper concentration and attention in people with ADHD, Ritalin was discovered about 50 years ago. The drug was used to treat depression, after it became clear that it alleviates the symptoms of attention deficit disorders and increases the ability to concentrate, it was decided to give it to people and children who were diagnosed and found eligible for admission.

How does Ritalin affect the body in ADHD?

The substance methylphenidate that makes up Ritalin affects the central nervous system. Its action is similar to caffeine, but more potent, similar to that of stimulant drugs such as amphetamines. A study conducted in the USA, it is estimated that Ritalin increases the release of dopamine and thus improves the ability to concentrate and focus.

Information on side effects sometimes caused by taking Ritalin:

Ritalin use is often associated with side effects:

Decreased appetite, headaches, difficulty falling asleep, abdominal pain, tics and drowsiness. However, the effect of the drug completely passes with its discontinuation, hence its great advantage.

  • Loss of appetite or increased appetite (when the drug stops working)
  • Depression that appears at the end of the effect of the active substance, and which can last for several hours.
  • Restlessness and nervousness. It can sometimes be resolved by changing the time you take the medicine.

Adrel

Adrel is a drug for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD / ADD) from the amphetamine family. This is a family close to Ritalin but different from it. Adrel has been in use for over 30 years, is used by millions of people and has gained a great deal of experience in its treatment.
The drug is registered and used in the US, Canada, and other countries.

How does adrenal affect the body in ADHD?

Adrel provides a long-term effect on ADHD, some of the active ingredients in which it acts after two hours and some after four hours. Thus a long-term effect is obtained from taking one pill in the heart. The side effects are also minimized, as the dose is low. Adrel runs for 5-6 hours compared to 4 hours of Ritalin.

Information on side effects sometimes caused by taking Ritalin:

The side effects of taking Adrel are similar to those of the drug Ritalin but less common. Some users report side effects:

  • Abdominal pain, loss of appetite
  • Headaches, irritability
  • Sleep Disorders
  • Mood swings, dizziness, dry mouth, palpitations

Stratra

Strattera is a relatively new drug for the treatment of ADHD. Strattera is the first drug to treat ADHD that does not belong to the stimulant family (Ritalin, Adrel). The drug is registered and used in the United States, Canada, Germany, England and many other countries.

How the Strattera drug affects the body in severe and concentration disorders (ADD / ADHD)

Strattera begins its effect after a week of daily treatment. The full effect is revealed after a month. After about a month of use, the drug works for most of the day, unlike Ritalin which has a limited range of effect. Strattera does not impair sleep which significantly facilitates daily functioning under its influence. One of the important benefits of this drug is that it does not suppress appetite and even reduces anxiety.

Information on side effects that are sometimes caused by taking Strattera:

  • As with any medicine, Strattera may have side effects. The most common symptoms are nausea and fatigue.
  • To overcome them it is recommended to take the pill in the morning, you can take the drug after meals.
  • If it causes excessive fatigue, it is recommended to take it before bed in the evening.
  • To reduce the side effects taking the drug gradually and accompanied by a doctor.
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